The word negligence has a unified meaning. If you check a dictionary, you will come across the definition that negligence is at best, the failure to exercise a certain amount of care that it necessary for the protection of all people and their interest, especially in circumstances where they need that care to be exercised.
However, in the legal world, where negligence is a primary key in determining the legality of complaints, negligence has a deeper meaning and has specific elements.
Specific elements of negligence
Duty is the obligation that a person or company should take upon themselves when they engage in actions that have the possibility of harming others. For instance, it is a person’s duty to make sure that he or she drives a car according to the rules and regulations of the state, and to not, say drive while drunk or drive without a license. There are a lot of common laws that people forget are there to be executed by everyone. Some of these laws are well written while some of them have been created out of moral codes and ethics. Nevertheless, they are duties of a person that should be observed so as not to harm others.
When a person or a company fails to do their duties, whether intentionally or negligently, then breach is made. This occurs when a drunk driver bumps into someone else’s car or when they hit a person while they are driving. In essence, breach is the accident or incident that occurred to justify that the duty of a person was not done.
When a breach on duty was made, there can be no case unless actual harm was committed. Hence, even when a person drove his car when he or she was drunk, there is no case if no actual harm was caused upon someone else. If they are caught, they could be charged with another offense. Causation is what connects the break and the damage or injury.
Since harm and causations are established, it should follow that damage is also in place. The evidence of the harm that was made can be made evident through the severity of the damages that were made. Damages can refer to things like physical damage, material damage and all other tangible forms of damages. However, it could also be in the form of suffering, emotional stress, and torment and sorrow for the family and the victim.
These are very basic things that you need to understand in order to determine if you have legal claims after an incident. If it is still fuzzy and you still need the counseling of experts, you could always go ahead and look for an injury lawyer in Anniston, Florida, New York, or wherever, just as long as you look for one that could handle legal cases in whatever state you are in. This is because lawyers can only practice law in areas they have passed the bar in.
Do not fret, though, because you will find the lawyer you need, no matter what the case you hold, wherever you may be. There are a lot of great practicing lawyers all over each state. The key is to look for the perfect firm that offers the services you need. You can look for a personal injury law firm if you need to, or you can ask for help from a divorce law firm if that is the case, or you can ask for expert lawyers in a will and probate law firm if that is the problem you currently face. Whatever the situation, you can be sure that expert and dedicated law firms are available, just as long as you take the time to find them.